The APAR difference

  • APAR supplies a comprehensive range of fibre optic cables, manufactured in accordance with a number of international standards and covering a wide range of applications for both indoor and outdoor installations

  • We have extensive experience in the specification of fibre optic cables, and our technical engineers work with customers to develop new cable constructions for optimal performance and special applications.

  • We address crucial applications through our special cable range.

  • Our cables meet all international standards, and we currently export to more than 50 countries.

CATV cables

APAR’s customised cable solutions based on customer specifications offer high-bandwidth applications for data centres, Internet Service Providers (ISP), Multiple Service Providers (MSO), telcos and cable TV networks.



In today’s advanced environment, fibre-optic cables are the main source of communication worldwide. This communication happens between organisations with multiple sites, telecom companies, cable TV providers, Fibre-to-the-Home, PSUs, MSOs and many other communication applications that require higher information carrying capacity (higher bandwidth).

APAR’s customised cable solutions based on customer specifications offer high-bandwidth applications for data centres, Internet Service Providers (ISP), Multiple Service Providers (MSO), telcos and cable TV networks. APAR offers a wide range of cables including aerial, underground, micro duct, indoor and last mile connectivity applications.
Application Applications for fibre optic cables range from telephone call transmission (up to several million calls per cable), broadband connections, security camera and high speed data, video and audio transfer for computer networks.
Characteristics The cable has a small diameter and weight, and is easy to install.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range Unitube optical cables from 2 Fibres to 24 Fibres, CATV cables
Advantages Fibre optic cables support and effectively manage huge internet services compared to standard copper cables. The diameter of fibre optic cables is smaller than copper cables. The cables provide higher capacity for bandwidth and for transmitting data over longer distances. This allows telecom network providers to reach remote locations across the globe.

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Unitube fibre optic cables

APAR’s optical fibre cables have several optical fibres bundled together, which are then individually and protectively covered to reduce losses and damage.

Fibre optic cables use light pulses to transfer data signals up to hundreds of miles and they have a higher bandwidth and throughput than conventional electrical communication cables.

In today’s advanced environment, fibre optic cables are the main source of communication between organisations with multiple sites, telecom companies, and many other such long distance communication applications that require higher bandwidth and longer distance transmission.

The type of optical fibre to be used is dependent on the application, the distance which the signals are required to travel, and the speed of transmission. The installation and environmental requirements also decide the cable construction. This includes (but is not limited to) indoor applications within a dry wall in a public area, which may or may not have special LSZH materials, and installations along railway tracks.

APAR’s customised cable solutions cater to the high-bandwidth applications of data centres, global internet companies, ISPs and telcos, and citizen network services. We offer a wide range of cables, including aerial, underground, micro duct, ribbon, IO, indoor connectivity, last-mile connectivity and special application cables.
Application Applications range from carrying telephone calls (up to several million calls per cable) to high-speed data transfer for vast computer networks.
Characteristics For critical applications, our range of cables are available in fire-resistant (IEC 60331) versions, and can also be made for customer-specific requirements.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range Under Unitube Optical Cables, APAR offers the following types of cables: duct and direct-buried underground cable, aerial, ADSS and Figure 8 cables for overhead applications, and cables for indoor use in micro ducts/conduits from 2 fibres to 24 fibres. We also offer customer-specific composite and hybrid cables with single mode and multi mode fibres.
Advantages Fibre optic cables support and run a huge part of the global internet services in a more efficient and effective manner than standard copper cables. Fibre optic cables, with the similar thickness of standard copper cables, support a higher bandwidth, and transmit data over longer distances, allowing telecom network providers to reach remote locations across the globe.

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Multi-tube fibre optic cables

APAR’s optical fibre cables have several optical fibres bundled together, which are then individually and protectively covered to reduce losses and damage.

Fibre optic cables use light pulses to transfer data signals up to hundreds of miles and they have a higher bandwidth and throughput than conventional electrical communication cables.

In today’s advanced environment, fibre optic cables are the main source of communication between organisations with multiple sites, telecom companies, and many other such long distance communication applications that require higher bandwidth and longer distance transmission.

The type of optical fibre to be used is dependent on the application, the distance which the signals are required to travel, and the speed of transmission. The installation and environmental requirements also decide the cable construction. This includes (but is not limited to) indoor applications within a dry wall in a public area, which may or may not have special LSZH materials, and installations along railway tracks.

APAR’s customised cable solutions cater to the high-bandwidth applications of data centres, global internet companies, ISPs and telcos, and citizen network services. We offer a wide range of cables, including aerial, underground, micro duct, ribbon, IO, indoor connectivity, last-mile connectivity and special application cables.
Application Applications range from carrying telephone calls (up to several million calls per cable) to high speed data transfer for vast computer networks.
Characteristics For critical applications, our cables are available in flame-retardant( IEC-60332) & fire-resistant (IEC 60331) versions, and are also based on customer-specific requirements.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range Multi loose tube optical cables.
APAR offers the following types of loose tube cables: direct buried, duct, aerial, cables for indoor use in ribbon conduits and submarines. APAR provides multi loose tube cables from 2F to 512F ( Multi layer SZ core) with 24F per tube (with bundle or ring marking). We also offer ribbon cables up to 1000F as per customer specifications. In addition, we offer customer-specific design, composite, hybrid (fibre and copper core) and fire-resistant cables.
Advantages Fibre optic cables support and run a huge part of the global internet services in a more efficient and effective manner than standard copper cables. Fibre optic cables, with the similar thickness of standard copper cables, support a higher bandwidth, and transmit data over longer distances, allowing telecom network providers to reach remote locations across the globe.

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Breakout tight buffer optical cables

These cables are made by bundling tight buffered simplex fibre optic in an outer jacket. Non-metallic, FRP-strength members in the cable give it good tensile strength and electromagnetic protection.



The cables have a small diameter, and a lightweight and thick-walled jacket protection to allow for versatile applications. They are used in cable assemblies and in places of high electro-magnetic interference. Each fibre is mechanically reinforced with two successive sheaths of 400μm and 900μm, enabling direct termination of connectors. They are available in PVC, LSZH or plenum outer sheath and a tight buffer: 900μm, 600μm.
Application These cables are meant for indoor use. They are specially designed for applications like floor distribution, interconnection and equipment.
Characteristics Excellent strip force stability, fibre-geometrical dimensions and good transmission performance are some of the characteristics of this cable. Tight-buffered cables are also easier to install because there is no gel to clean up and they do not require a fan out kit for splicing or termination. Connectors can be crimped directly to each fibre.
Applicable standards ITU-T G652.B OS1; ITU-T G652.D/G655/G657.A1/G657.A2 OS2; ITU-T G651.1 OM1 OM2 OM3 OM4
IEC60793-2-10 type A1a.1/A1b OM1/OM2; IEC60793-2-10 type A1a.2 OM3; IEC60793-2-10 type A1a.3 OM4
ISO/IEC 11801 , ISO/IEC 24702; IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet; ANSI/TIA/EIA 568C.3; ROHS-compliant directive 2002/95/EC ; LSZH: IEC 60332-1, IEC 60754, IEC 61034
Product range 2/4/6/8/12/16 single mode fibres in full compliance with ITU-T G652D (also available with G657 SM fibre and OM1 / OM2 / OM3 & OM4 MM fibre).
Advantages Tight-buffered cables, are optimised for indoor applications. Since they are sturdier than loose-tube cables, they are best suited for moderate-length LAN/WAN connections, long indoor runs and even direct burial. Tight-buffered cables are also recommended for underwater applications.

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Ribbon cables duct, armoured & aerial

Ribbon optical cables are used for duct, direct buried, and aerial installations. These cables have a specific design of water block yarn that helps eliminate the steps associated with standard gel-filled cables.

This is a stranded loose tube cable with optical fibres placed inside robust buffer tubes stranded around a fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) central strength member.

In addition to optical fibres, the buffer tubes contain water-blocking gel and the cable core is surrounded with a water-swellable tape to prevent water ingress in the interstices of the cable core. Glass roving yarns are distributed over the inner sheath, and a thermoplastic jacket provides the cable with both mechanical and environmental protection.
Application Ribbon optical cables are intended for duct, direct-buried, and lashed aerial installations. These cables are used for fibre networks where a high fibre count is required. Ribbon fibre optic cables can be used in indoor FTTH networks and indoor/outdoor point-to-point applications.
Characteristics These cables are lighter compared to the old gel-filled cables. This allows for easier cable handling, easy mid-span entry, and superior fibre access.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range From 4F fibre up to 1000 single mode fibres in full compliance with ITU-T-G.652.D in 4/6/8/12 fibre ribbon (also available with G655 / G656 / G657 SM Fibre and OM1 / OM2 / OM3 & OM4 MM Fibre). These cables can be provided with unarmoured ducts for underground applications, ADSS for aerial use and armoured cables for direct buried applications.
Advantages These cables are more installer-friendly, and lighter in weight than conventional gel-filled cables, and hence allow for easier handling, mid-span entry, and provide superior fibre accessibility. The first advantage of a ribbon fibre jumper is the ability to save time and reduce installation cost. Since the cables are pre-banded (usually made up of 12 sets of separate fibres), installers and technicians can perform simpler, faster mass fusion stitching so that all fibres in the ribbon matrix can be stitched together at the same time. This means less installation time, lower installation labour costs, and faster recovery during downtime. The second benefit of the ribbon fibre cable is the increased fibre density of the cable. Fibre density is an important benefit as it increases the fibre count at the data centre.

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ADSS and fig 8 aerial cables

ADSS Cables are lightweight with a small diameter, which enables them to be installed aerially in short, medium or long distance applications.

The construction consists of a uni/loose tube cable with an optical fibre placed inside buffer tubes which are then stranded around a fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP)-strength member at the centre. In addition to fibres, the tubes contain gel to block water and prevent it from entering the gaps in the cable core. A water-swellable tape is also provided around the cable core. Strong, evenly distributed aramid/glass yarns provide the tensile strength required in aerial self-supporting applications. To give mechanical and environmental protection, a thermoplastic overall sheath is also provided with the cable. This is a metal-free cable specially designed for laying below high-tension power lines ranging from 11 kV to 660 kV. For above 33 kV power lines, a special anti-track material is used, to prevent dry band arching on ADSS cables and to save cables from damage.

For Figure 8 aerial self-support cables, the upper part of figure 8 has messenger wires (1 X 7 Stranded GI wires) with a PE outer sheath. The aerial messenger strand portion of the Figure 8 cable supports the mechanical and environmental stresses on this cable. Its strength-to-weight ratio allows it to support the composite strand/cable between poles (or support structures) protecting fibres from stress and sagging. This cable is suitable for hilly regions where a pole is difficult to use. However, this cable cannot be used under high tension lines.
Application This ADSS Cable is designed for outside plant (OSP) aerial self-supported applications,
high-tension power line distribution and local and campus network loop architectures. The cable is suitable for aerial-to-duct/underground transitions.

Figure 8 cables are suitable for aerial applications.
Characteristics This cable can be designed to specific requirements of length, wind speed and other loading conditions. All dielectric designed cables are completely immune to electromagnetic fields.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598, IEEE 1222
Product range APAR offers ADSS Cables from 2F to 288F or more as per customer specifications, with various types of fibres like G.652 D, G657A1 & A2 ,G.655, G.656. We also offer multimode fibres with a span of 100 to 800 metres, requiring wind, ice load and sag for 11 kV to 660 kV power lines. APAR offers a variety of Figure 8 aerial cables from 2F to 288F, with single and multimode fibres, with uni/loose tube unarmoured and armoured cables.
Advantages These cables are flexible, lightweight, easy to handle and install. They are tensile, crush resistant and UV protected. The physical parameters of these cables are tightly controlled. All-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS) fibre cables provide advantages over strand and lash fibre networks for electric utility applications in many cases. Some of the advantages of ADSS cables include:

No metallic components. They can be installed in supply space with no grounding required Little to no ‘make ready’ cost
Lower hardware costs
Speed and ease of installation
Minimal long term maintenance
Longer expected design life
In most scenarios, these advantages lead to lower total cost for the electric utility.

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FTTH cables

FTTH cables are made for connecting end-user equipment with optic fibre cables received from outside.



FTTH cables work perfectly as fibre-to-the-home last mile solutions. FTTH cables are made for connecting end-user equipment with optic fibre cables received from outside. The FTTH cable fibre unit is positioned at the centre. Then, 2 parallel strengthening members of FRP /ARP are placed to ensure crush resistance and tensile strength. The sheath jacket of LSZH makes it flame retardant and robust enough for outdoor use.
Application FTTH cables are good for fibre-to-the-home last mile solutions. FTTH Cables are made for connecting end-user equipment with optic fibre cables received from outside. The FTTH cable fibre unit is positioned at the centre. Then, 2 parallel strengthening members of FRP /ARP are placed to ensure crush resistance and tensile strength. The sheath jacket of LSZH makes it flame retardant and robust enough for outdoor use.
Characteristics These cables are environment-friendly due to their LSZH and FR cable sheath properties. Moreover, their special layer provides additional protection form fire.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range Single mode G652d /G657. Multi mode OM1/ OM2 /OM3 /OM4 1F/ 2F/ 4F fibre cables.
Advantages The low-bend-sensitivity fibre provides higher bandwidth and good communication, while the FRP/ARP strength members provide the crush resistance. The FTTH cable can be stripped to remove the fibre, and since they can be connectorised by hand, no special tools will be required.

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Fire resistant/survival cables

Our fire resistant/fire survival cables feature a steel wire/steel wire braiding/corrugated steel tape armour to provide mechanical strength.



Optical cables used in vital communication and emergency systems need to be operational during fires. The outer sheath is made from black UV-stabilised and weather-resistant material, as the cables may be exposed for short periods to diesel, petrol, glycol, ethanol, white spirit and ASTM oil 2. Our fire resistant/fire survival cables feature a steel wire/steel wire braiding/corrugated steel tape armour to provide mechanical strength. The fibres are protected in gel-filled loose tubes stranded around a central strength member, ensuring good performance and long life. Each fibre and loose tube is colour coded to simplify identification during splicing and termination. The outer sheath is suitably marked every one metre, to show the fibre and cable type.
Application These cables are generally used for fire alarm systems, voice alarms or voice evacuation systems, and in public buildings, tunnels, metro lines where it is necessary for the cables to operate, and for communication to continue in the event of a fire.
Characteristics These cables are environment-friendly due to their LSZH and FR cable sheath properties. Moreover, their special layer provides additional protection form fire.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598, IEC 60331-25, IEC 60332
Product range Offered in G 652.D, G657 A, G655 single mode, OM1,OM2, OM3 and OM4 multi mode. APAR offers 2F to 512 F optical fibre cables, in armoured and unarmoured designs.
Advantages The cable ensures operation for 3 hours in fires up to 750ºC. The cable is halogen-free and flame retardant, to protect against secondary damage to electronic equipment during and after the fire.

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Optical fibre festoon cables

These cables are used for festoon systems, and for non-interference data and signal transmission.

These cables, while being flexible, also have a rugged, polyurethane outer cable jacket. Each fibre has a hard elastomeric 900µm buffer, aramid strength members and a 2.0mm/2.9mm sub-cable jacket for excellent fibre protection.
Application Flexible signal and data trasmission cables for use on cranes and material handling equipment. Suitable for use on festoon systems and for simple reeling. Also for use in overhead cranes, hoists and other industrial applications.
Characteristics They are resistant to oils and grease. They have a wide operating and storage temperature range, UV protected, fungus and water resistant.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range APAR offers G 652.D, G657 A, G655 Single Mode and OM1,OM2, OM3 and OM4 multi mode, in 2F to 96 core configurations.
Advantages These fibre optics offer absolute immunity from electrical interferences. They can cover vertical distances greater than 1000 metres while meeting performance requirements.

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Hybrid copper & OF cables

APAR can combine different cable elements like copper wires, fibre optics, and instrumentation pairs in hybrid cable constructions.

APAR can combine different cable elements like copper wires, fibre optics, and instrumentation pairs in hybrid cable constructions. This ensures supply of data, signals and power via one single, robust cable. The outer jacket is generally made of weather-proof and fire-retardant material. This ensures suitabity for outdoor and indoor applications. Some cables also offer double protection against induced currents from lighting.

The peak voltage reduction is nearly half compared to conventional power cables. APAR’s hybrid copper fibre cables allow end users to use DC power and fibre in one cable, to safely deliver low-voltage power and data over long distances to remote locations, where standard power is unavailable or costly to install. Hybrid cable technology enables easy installation and labour savings, and requires just a single cable pull. Various cable constructions provide unlimited application flexibility.
Application Remote application of low-voltage power security networks, IP enabled appliances.
Characteristics These hybrid cables can be customised to suit client requirements, including various fibre-optic cable designs, power, data, signal and communications conductors.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range Offered in SM Fibre G652D/G657A/G655 & Multi mode Fibre OM1,OM2, OM3 and OM4, in 2F to 144 core configurations.
Advantages The requirement and installation time of the cabling can be reduced for indoor and outdoor units. Since data and power are combined into one cable construction, it requires only a single cable pull, to provide huge installation and labour savings.

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Submarine underwater cables

These cables are best for underwater use, junction communication systems and long-haul communication systems.

The central stainless steel tube contains 24 to 48 fibres filled with water-blocking gel. One layer of HDPE is extruded over the steel tube. A water-swelling tape is helically wrapped around the cable core. One or two layers of round steel wire are wound around the cable core, to provide the required tensile strength and mechanical protection. The final cable is jacketed with HDPE. An optional aluminium moisture tape can be incorporated under the jacket for water blocking and shielding purposes. An optional ripcord can be put under the jacket to facilitate jacket removal.
Application It is best for underwater use, junction communication systems and long-haul communication systems.
Characteristics The cable exhibits excellent tensile strength and side press retardancy and gives excellent mechanical and environmental performance.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range APAR offers 24 F to 48 F Submarine Cables with Single Mode G652D, G654 or G655 fibres made to customer-specific fibre and cable specifications.
Advantages Due to their high tensile strength, ruggedness and lightweight design, these cables are durable enough to withstand high water pressure. They are waterproofed to withstand water penetration.

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Single-mode and multi-mode fibre

Single-mode fibre optics have a small diameter core, which allows only one mode of light to propagate. Multi-mode optical fibres are about 10 times bigger than single-mode fibres.

Single-mode fibres have a very thin core, with a diameter of 8-10 microns for the optical signal to move through. The light signal follows the principal of total internal reflection, and passes through the fibre core throughout the fibre length at the speed of light. Due to lowered attenuation, the signal can travel faster and farther. A single-mode fibre cable is suited to long distace networks, such as from one city to another, one state to another, or even one continent to another.

Multi-mode optical fibres are about 10 times bigger than single-mode fibres. They allow light beams to travel in a variety of paths (hence the name multiple modes). Multi-mode fibre optic cables have a large core diameter to allow multiple modes of light. Due to multiple modes of light travelling within the fibre, dispersion and attenuation is higher than in single mode fibres. A multi-mode fibre cable is suitable for small distance applications such as local area networks, transmission from one complex to another, one machine to another, and for indoor use.
Application Single-mode fibres are meant for long distance data transmission networks (100 kms and above) due to their enormous bandwidth and low losses. They are generally used by telcos, CATV companies, railways, power grids and oil and gas companies. Multi-mode fibres are typically meant for short distances (maximum 2 kms) and are generally used in data and audio/video applications in local area networks.
Characteristics Large fibre counts with small cable diameter. These cables are highly adaptable to mass splicing and are suitable for installation in pipelines.
Applicable standards IEC 60793, IEC 60794, Telcordia GR -20, TIA/EIA 598
Product range APAR offers single-mode optical fibre cables using G652D/G655 & G 657 fibres from 2F to 512 F, in armoured, unarmoured and aerial appliications.

Multi-mode optical fibre cables using OM1/OM2/OM3 & OM4 fibres from 2F to 24F, in armoured, unarmoured and aerial applications.
Advantages Single-mode fibre optic transmissions are faster than multi mode over long distances, because fewer switches or routers are needed mid span. They have virtually unlimited bandwidth, and are capable of transmitting data at up to 40 GB over hundreds of kilometers, with little integrity loss. Multi-mode cables are less expensive to install, operate, and maintain. Multi-mode cables have high speed and high bandwidth over short distances. They allow several mode optical signals to be transmitted at once.

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